What is OLED?
OLED is pronounced "oh-led" and stands for "Organic Light Emitting Diode." OLED is a kind of LCD-like flat-screen display that doesn't need a backlight. An OLED panel, on the other hand, lights up individually for each LED.
Six layers in an OLED screen combine to create color images. From bottom to top, these layers include the following:
- Cathode - injects electrons into the other layers when current flows through it
- Cover - the top protective layer of the screen; typically made out of glass or plastic
- Conductive Layer - contains organic molecules or polymers such as polyaniline that transfer current to the emissive layer
- Anode - a transparent layer that removes electrons when electrical current flows through it
- Emissive Layer - contains organic molecules or polymers such as polyfluorene that light up when current is passed through them
- Substrate - the foundational structure that supports the panel; typically made out of glass or plastic
How does an OLED work?
The method used by OLEDs to show light is known as electrophosphorescence. Despite the fact that this word may seem scary, the procedure is fairly straightforward. Electrons travel to the emissive layer as a result of an electrical current flowing from the cathode, which is negatively charged, to the anode, which is positively charged. These electrons locate "holes" (atoms lacking electrons) in the electrical layer, occupy these holes, and light is produced. The organic substance that the current in the emissive layer passed through determines the hue of the light.
A backlight is not required in OLED screens because each semiconductor lights up on its own. OLEDs are therefore more energy-efficient than LED/LCD screens and can produce deeper blacks. They may be bent or even flexible, and they are also smaller. OLED panels have many benefits over LED and LCD displays, but their production has been costly and unreliable. OLEDs have thus become more prevalent in tiny devices like cellphones and laptops. OLED will be used more frequently in bigger displays, like TVs and computer monitors, as manufacturing costs drop down and dependability rises.